- • Fast facts
- • The Chichinautzin Biological Corridor
- • For teachers and students
- • Relevant links
- Location States of Morelos, Mexico and Federal District of Mexico.
- Year Created
- 1937 – El Tepozteco National Park
- 1947 – Lagunas de Zempoala National Park
- 1988 – Chichmautzin Biological Corridor
- Flora and Fauna Protection Area
- Area Total area of 66, 308 ha divided as follow: 37,302 ha – Chichmautzin Biological Corridor Flora and Fauna Protection Area 4,724 – Lagunas de Zempoala National Park 24,282 ha – El Tepozteco National Park
- Ecoregions Pine and oak forests of the Trans-Mexican Neovolcanic Belt, central Mexican grasslands
- Habitats Pine and oak forest and transitional communities of low deciduous forest
- Biodiversity Great biodiversity and endemism is found. Endemic species include:
- the volcano rabbit, “zacatuche” (romerolagus diazi), which is one of the smallest rabbits in the world;
- ajolote-an aquatic amphibian-(Rhyacosiredon zempoalensis);
- Mexican volcano mouse (Neotomodon alstoni);
- long-tailed wood partridge (Dendrortyx macroura);
- Sierra Madre sparrow (Xenospiza baileyi), which is endangered according to the IUCN Redlist (IUCN 2002); and
- cross-banded mountain rattlesnake (Crotalus transverses);
- More than 32 species of butterflies and 47 species of moths have been recorded.
- Threats Changing use of soils, the sale of land, forest fires, poaching, deforestation, and the sale of earth and volcanic rocks. ParksWatch classifies it as critically threatened.
The Chichinautzin Biological Corridor
Located in the Sierra Norte of the Mexican state of Morelos, the Chichinautzin Biological Corridor connects two national parks: the Lagunas de Zempoala and the Tepozteco National Parks, forming a total area of 66,092 hectares of protected land. In 1988, it was declared a natural protected area not only due to its importance for the plant and animal species that live there, but also for the indigenous Tlahuica and Nahuatl communities that cultivated this land for centuries.
The Chichinautzin Biological Corridor has been described as a conservation hotspot for many reasons. One is its geographical location: the Corridor is located between one of the world’s most densely populated urban centers, Mexico City, and the nearby historical center of Cuernavaca.
Another factor in its importance is that this natural protected area provides essential services to both urban centers, such as water, recreation and invaluable opportunities for environmental education. It also furnishes its inhabitants and the surrounding areas with important natural resources, biodiversity and forest resources.
Striking a balance between development and conservation in the Corridor has been the motivation for local communities to defend their land and traditions against radical, unplanned initiatives, as they did when an attempt was made to build a mega golf course complex in what became known as the Golf War.
Teachers and students
Voices of the Chichinautzin is an environmental documentary film that can be used by teachers as a learning activity in a variety of courses, for students of different academic levels. Documentaries are a great way to get students interested in the topics the curriculum covers. Students can learn a lot from being exposed to current issues that affect their lives, which helps them see the relevance of the topics they study during their class.
The documentary touches upon the following areas/concepts: • Deforestation • Water cycle • Participatory development • History • Management and conservation of natural resources • Ethno biology • Traditional knowledge • Traditional and alternative healing practices • Environmental policy making
If you would like to screen Voices of the Chichinautzin in your classroom or school, please contact us and we will inform you how you may acquire the documentary.
We will soon have educational materials available that you may use in your class to accompany the Voices of the Chichinautzin documentary, so please visit this website again soon!